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There are Viking ruins scattered throughout South Greenland. The first Vikings to arrive in South Greenland were Eric the Red and his crew in the year 985 AD. Eric the Red called his farm Brattahlid, which is commonly thought to be located in the present-day village of Qassiarsuk, just across the fjord from Narsarsuaq. The Vikings converted from Norse mythology to Christianity around the year 1000. As the new religion took hold, a cathedral was built at Gardar (present-day Igaliku), where ruins are still visible today.

The last written evidence of the Norse in Greenland was a wedding held in the Hvalsey Church in 1408, near present-day Qaqortoq. No one has ever been able to establish what actually happened to the Norse. It remains one of the great mysteries of the Arctic.

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